This course focuses on the fundamentals of telecommunications and describes the
evolution of telecommunications, advancements in telecommunications technologies
and takes a brief look at the future of telecommunications.
The invention of the telegraph in support of the railways in the United States heralded
the start of telecommunications, and was a revolutionary concept at the time.
Alexander Graham Bell couldn’t have known how his simple invention would have
such a profound impact on the World we live in. The actual basic telecommunications
architecture hasn’t changed since the early days, with the need for simple endpoints
(telephones), a means of local signalling, centralized control and call management and
of course a transmission medium. Finally the Cell Phone gave us the mobility and
ability to communicate from almost anywhere through the use of wireless


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